Despite the significant number of attempts to gain positive affection on the youth in the aspect of active propaganda of the value of education, it is necessary to mention, that the student absenteeism remains high. The research provided by Ross J Longhurst showed a considerable correlation between the level of the student concernment in attendance of classes and different external aspects of the influence. So to say, the author defined, that despite the rate value for a student, there is plenty of additional factors, which deteriorate the situation. The author explained the social pressure as one of the most important in the entire pattern of decision making about the attendance of some particular course by a student. The future perspectives play one of the most essential roles in the performance of undergraduate students. Back to the psychological aspect of the problem, it is necessary to understand, that an extended period of studies could not help to find a desirable profession or future perspectives for a student, according to the research of Ross J Longhurst. That is why this problem has so crucial in the process of the analysis of the student absenteeism.
The external factors may vary from the student to student. And it is hard to define some prevalent factor, which causes the student absenteeism. The social problems in relationships with classmates and teachers, family problems, the dissatisfaction of a material obtained during the classes, and the financial situation compose an another group of external determinants, which is necessary to take into the account during the process of investigation and analysis of reasons, which encourage students to miss the classes. All of this aspects are closely related to the changes in the behavioral paradigm of the student, according to Paul Friedman et al., and may serve as the trigger for a poor attendance in the future.
As it was mentioned above, the external factors closely connect to the internal aspects, which affect the student performance and attendance. It is hard to deny, that each particular determinant from outside, provoke changes in the consciousness of a person. And students are more subjected to the influence of inside changes inspired by the environment and relationships with other people. So to say, the environment is a space, which creates a background of a person, giving him or her a particular base for the further reciprocity. That is why it is possible to say, that specific atmosphere, which students experience during the classes, plays another important role in the pattern of an attitude of a student towards the attendance and the education at all. The research by Kidger et al. was aimed to provide coherent information about the impact of the atmosphere during the educational process on the performance of students and the level of attendance. The analysis of obtained data showed that the majority of students were more inclined to attend and participate actively in the classes with a positive atmosphere. “Although efforts to improve schools have typically focused on issues such as behavior and academic performance, various reviews have examined the potential for school-based interventions to improve emotional health.” (Kidger et al.) The emotional well-beingness of a student is predetermined within the means of different aspects of the scholar life. So, it is possible to make a conclusion, that external factors are closely connected to the internal factors, which have a particular affection for students, and may provoke the adverse attitude towards attention of classes.
Discussing the variety of external factors, which encourage students to miss classes, it was mentioned above, that the correlation between them and psychological aspect of a student formation should be treated as one of the most important in the process of analysis of the question itself. The matter here is that students only start their process of personal development, that is why the environment and interpersonal relations compose such importance for them. Everything mentioned before contributes to the emotional sphere of a person and impacts a particular pattern of psychological development. That is why, it is possible to say, that exactly the emotional health has critical importance for the student in the aspect of a decision making about the attendance of classes. Also, the gender has a matter in the process of the analysis of factors, which cause the student absenteeism too. According to the research provided by Cortright et al. evidenced, that women are more likely to drop the classes compared with male students. The scientist underlined, that emotional spectrum of a female part of students predominately broader, that is why the impressions from the classes have more significance for them. Also, Ross J Longhurst, mentioned, that exactly emotional stability and psychological health determine the entire paradigm of the attitude of a student towards the desire to attend classes. But the matter here is, that exactly the problem of psychological health is one of the less developed in a practical aspect of the educational process. That is why the necessity of further investigation is obvious for the majority of contemporary psychologists.
The problem of the student absenteeism comes all along of an educational system history. Earlier, it was associated only with the listlessness and laziness, but the current investigations underline different factors, which affect the student in such negative way. Taking into the account all scope of information analyzed above, it is possible to confirm, that external factors have the greatest importance in the pattern of a student attendance. But at the same time, the number of internal aspects of personality, like mental health, etc. should be observed by parents and government as very important, due to the complicated psychological character of the question. On the other words, the scientists had not defined the reasons for the growth rate of the student absenteeism, that is why it is necessary to provide additional studies on the problem. Before the discovery of the correct solution, there is a sense to follow the recommendations of psychologists and try to support the personality of each particular student, using different bounties during the educational process.